James Mattis, who sat on Theranos board, ‘didn’t know what to believe,’ he says in Elizabeth Holmes trial.

SAN JOSE, Calif. — James Mattis, the retired four-star Marine Corps basic and former protection secretary, testified on Wednesday on the fraud trial of Elizabeth Holmes, the founding father of the blood testing start-up Theranos, that she misinformed him earlier than and through his time on the corporate’s board of administrators.

Mr. Mattis, who served on the board for a number of years, mentioned he had supported the start-up’s mission of low cost, quick and simply accessible blood checks however misplaced religion after The Wall Avenue Journal uncovered main points with the know-how in 2015. It grew to become clear to him, he mentioned, that Ms. Holmes had not been forthcoming with Theranos’s administrators concerning the issues.

“We have been unable to assist her on the elemental points that she was grappling with if we solely noticed them within the rearview mirror,” Mr. Mattis mentioned. He resigned from the board in late 2016 after President Donald J. Trump tapped him to turn into protection secretary.

Two years later, Theranos collapsed amid lawsuits, fines and monetary troubles, and federal prosecutors charged Ms. Holmes and her enterprise accomplice, Ramesh Balwani, with a dozen counts of fraud and conspiracy to commit wire fraud. Each have pleaded not responsible. If convicted, they withstand 20 years in jail.

Mr. Mattis is probably the most outstanding particular person to take the stand to this point within the high-profile jury trial, which started in August. Different potential witnesses embrace Rupert Murdoch, the media mogul, who invested in Theranos; David Boies, who was the corporate’s exterior lawyer; and Invoice Frist, a former senator and Theranos board member.

As Mr. Mattis spoke, Ms. Holmes sat upright in her seat and stared in his route.

Mr. Mattis testified that he met Ms. Holmes after a speech he delivered in 2011. He was excited by the prospect of the army’s utilizing Theranos’s blood analyzers, which Ms. Holmes claimed may carry out hundreds of various checks sooner, cheaper and extra precisely than conventional lab checks, utilizing solely a finger stick of blood. Mr. Mattis was additionally impressed by Ms. Holmes personally, he mentioned, describing her as “sharp, articulate, dedicated.”

Mr. Mattis mentioned he had pushed the army to do a take a look at program of Theranos analyzers to see how they carried out alongside its present programs earlier than becoming a member of the board. “I wished a comparative examine on Theranos from Day 1 so we may convey it on-line,” he mentioned. However no take a look at materialized.

When Mr. Mattis joined the board, he invested $85,000 in Theranos as a present of help, which he mentioned was a major sum “for somebody who had been in authorities service for 40 years.” He additionally recused himself from any army contracts for moral causes.

He testified that he was not conscious of any contracts between Theranos and the army, a significant declare within the prosecution’s case in opposition to Ms. Holmes. She had advised buyers that Theranos units have been used on battlefields in Afghanistan.

Mr. Mattis mentioned Ms. Holmes had been his major supply of details about Theranos and its know-how. Prosecutors confirmed a presentation she had made to the board that mentioned 10 of the 15 largest pharmaceutical firms had validated the start-up’s machines, alongside endorsements from researchers at Johns Hopkins College and the logos of the Meals and Drug Administration and the World Well being Group.

Such displays gave Mr. Mattis confidence in Theranos’s know-how, he mentioned, as a result of “it wasn’t simply Elizabeth speaking about it.”

After The Journal reported that Theranos was performing only some blood checks by itself machines whereas doing the remainder with conventional blood analyzers, the board scrambled to gauge the report’s accuracy, in response to emails launched as proof.

Ms. Holmes emailed that Theranos was making a transition to a distinct “framework” for its laboratory. Mr. Mattis mentioned he was confused and anxious, however supported Ms. Holmes as a result of he thought the issue was only a matter of messaging.

“I assumed it was one thing we may repair if we acquired the reality on the market,” he mentioned.

Over time, Mr. Mattis mentioned, he misplaced hope as he discovered that the issues went deeper — that Theranos’s machines simply didn’t work.

“There simply got here some extent after I didn’t know what to consider about Theranos anymore,” he mentioned.

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