Investigation Confirms Reports of Abuse in Mali Basketball

Basketball’s world governing physique painted a damning portrait of sexual abuse of feminine basketball gamers within the West African nation of Mali in an investigation printed Tuesday, however mentioned it couldn’t independently affirm reporting in The New York Occasions that the game’s high international official knew about and largely ignored reviews of sexual misconduct in his native nation.

Hamane Niang stepped apart quickly in June because the president of FIBA, basketball’s world governing physique, as The Occasions ready to publish a narrative on allegations of systemic sexual harassment and abuse of dozens of feminine gamers in Mali, the vast majority of them youngsters, since at the least the early 2000s.

Niang, 69, has not been accused of committing sexual abuse. However his critics advised The Occasions that he largely disregarded the assault of girls for a dozen years between 1999 and 2011, when he served first as president of Mali’s basketball federation after which because the nation’s sports activities minister.

And, these critics advised The Occasions, with additional inaction as president of FIBA, Niang continued to depart feminine gamers weak to exploitation in his house nation, a predominantly Muslim former French colony the place girls expertise excessive inequality in each day life.

On the time, Niang didn’t reply to a collection of questions despatched to FIBA, looking for his response. However he advised The Occasions in an e-mail that he “by no means had data” of accusations of sexual abuse described within the article.

A subsequent investigation performed by FIBA’s integrity officer, the Canadian lawyer Richard H. McLaren, and printed Tuesday in a 149-page report, mentioned it discovered that institutional abuse persists in Mali. However the investigation discovered “no direct proof from anybody about President Niang’s data of sexual harassment.”

Niang issued a press release on Tuesday saying, “This investigation is of paramount significance and I wish to categorical my private and unconditional help to the victims. These offences have to be duly prosecuted by FIBA by unbiased procedures. For the reason that Integrity Officer has confirmed my innocence, I’ll now resume my official duties with FIBA.”

Two gamers who had been youngsters on the time, talking anonymously, advised The Occasions that Niang was current at a nightclub in Mali’s capital for a victory celebration in 2006 or 2007 when his shut pal, a coach named Cheick Oumar Sissoko, referred to as Yankee, groped their breasts and buttocks as they danced with them. The gamers advised The Occasions that as an alternative of intervening, Niang watched and laughed alongside.

One other former participant, Aissata Tina Djibo, now 31, mentioned Sissoko repeatedly made lewd sexual remarks that Niang ignored at practices. Sissoko additionally typically had intercourse with gamers who relented as a result of they had been afraid to lose their place within the youth nationwide crew, she mentioned.

Requested if Niang was conscious of Sissoko’s habits, Djibo advised The Occasions, “In fact, he knew. Yankee was his greatest pal, they had been hanging out collectively. That’s why Yankee was so highly effective. He had the backing of the president.”

Jose Ruiz, a Frenchman who coached the Mali girls’s basketball crew on the 2008 Beijing Olympics, mentioned he changed Sissoko for the 2013 African championships after two gamers complained to the Mali sports activities ministry about Sissoko’s habits. Ruiz didn’t criticize Niang however mentioned that he and Sissoko had been shut and that the abuse of feminine gamers was “an enormous downside.”

Niang denied to FIBA investigators that he had ever gone to a nightclub with gamers or witnessed untoward habits by Sissoko. Investigators mentioned no victims had come ahead to substantiate the allegations of groping.

The FIBA investigation mentioned that whereas it was unable to independently confirm accusations made in opposition to Sissoko, “the rumour proof offered by a number of witnesses is regarding.” He was suspended by FIBA in June.

The FIBA investigation made withering criticism of the Mali basketball federation. The report mentioned that “institutionalised acceptance of the abuse of gamers exists” inside the federation and “neither motion nor effort has been tried to acknowledge or appropriate this.”

The report confirmed The Occasions’s account that Amadou Bamba, 51, sexually harassed and abused a number of gamers because the coach of the ladies’s youth nationwide crew and retaliated in opposition to some gamers who gave testimony by not choosing them to compete in sure competitions. He has since been arrested.

The FIBA report mentioned that Harouna Maiga, the president of the Mali basketball federation, lied to investigators about his data of sexual abuse and tried to impede the investigation. He was suspended by FIBA in July.

The investigation additionally accused the Mali basketball federation “traditionally and at present” of being “wholly inadequate” in offering the required safeguards for shielding younger gamers.

The report additionally mentioned investigators had been hampered by witness and sufferer intimidation. Twenty-two potential witnesses refused to take part within the investigation, the report mentioned. Journey restrictions associated to the coronavirus pandemic additionally prevented investigators from touring to Mali, leaving them to conduct most interviews just about.

Niang’s critics mentioned Tuesday it was inconceivable that he didn’t know concerning the widespread sexual abuse in Mali throughout his time as the pinnacle of the nation’s basketball federation and as its sports activities minister. Cheick Camara, a reform activist who mentioned he assisted the FIBA investigation, criticized what he described as its lack of thoroughness.

“They know completely that abuses occurred throughout Niang’s time,” Camara mentioned. “As they mentioned of their report, it’s an institutionalized system. That system shouldn’t be new; it’s been greater than 20 years. Nobody did something to alter that, Niang included.”

Minky Worden, the director of world initiatives for Human Rights Watch, which additionally investigated sexual abuse of feminine basketball gamers in Mali, repeated Tuesday that Niang knew or ought to have identified concerning the abuse.

“Based mostly on this report, he shouldn’t be in workplace yet another day,” Worden mentioned. “This isn’t a person who ought to lead international basketball. His international position is constructed on the Mali basketball federation, which is revealed in an virtually 150-page report back to have been rife with sexual abuse and likewise to not have had in place any of the required statutory protections for youngsters.”

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