Health & Fitness

COVID-19 Put More Kids in ICU Than Season Flu, Overall Cases Very Low

  • A brand new report discovered that youngsters had been extra prone to be hospitalized because of COVID-19 within the early phases of the pandemic in comparison with the flu.
  • Kids with COVID-19 additionally spent an extended time within the PICU in comparison with youngsters with the flu.
  • Kids have been much less prone to have extreme illness from COVID-19 in comparison with adults, however they’re nonetheless in danger.

Analysis has discovered that COVID-19 continues to be extra harmful in youngsters than the seasonal flu.

Basically, COVID-19 is far less severe in youngsters than in adults, however children can simply turn into contaminated and in some instances, develop severe illness.

The report printed in JAMA Community Open on Wednesday discovered that twice as many youngsters had been admitted with COVID-19 in the course of the first 15 months of the pandemic in comparison with the variety of youngsters hospitalized with the flu in the course of the two years earlier than the pandemic.

Pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) and hospital stays had been additionally longer in youngsters hospitalized with COVID-19 in comparison with youngsters hospitalized with the flu, in keeping with the findings.

Earlier analysis has recognized larger charges of hospital admissions and mortality amongst youngsters with COVID-19 in comparison with the flu.

Some infectious illnesses specialists suspect that COVID-19 was extra harmful in children in the course of the first 15 months of the pandemic because it was a novel virus and youngsters had no prior immunity.

Pediatric deaths from COVID-19 are nonetheless very uncommon, making up between 0 and 0.02 p.c of cumulative deaths in states that report information, in keeping with the American Academy of Pediatrics.

Over 1,200 youngsters have died from COVID-19 because the begin of the pandemic within the U.S., in keeping with provisional information from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC.) This can be a tiny fraction of the over 1 million deaths from COVID-19 reported within the U.S.

Pediatric deaths reported throughout current seasonal flu seasons have ranged from 37 to 199, in keeping with the CDC. In 2009-2010 when the H1N1 pandemic swept by means of the U.S., an estimated 358 pediatric deaths had been reported.

“We’ve got recognized from early 2020 that COVID-19 was rather more extreme than influenza. That is utterly in keeping with our expertise with coronaviruses versus influenza viruses traditionally,” says Dr. Linda Yancey, an infectious illness specialist at Memorial Hermann Well being System in Houston, Texas.

“In a median flu season, 50 to 100 youngsters die,” Yancey added. “In 2021, we misplaced 600 children to COVID-19. This isn’t in any method comparable.”

The researchers sourced well being information from 66 PICU facilities in the US and recognized 1,561 PICU sufferers with influenza (between 2018 and early 2020) and 1,959 PICU sufferers with COVID-19 (between April 2020 and June 2021).

The analysis group discovered that there have been twice as many PICU admissions of kids with COVID-19 than PICU admissions of children with influenza in the course of the examine intervals.

About one-third extra youngsters had been intubated with COVID-19 in comparison with the flu.

The findings had been constant throughout youngsters with and with out comorbidities.

The researchers say the findings are according to earlier research, which have demonstrated larger hospital admissions, mortality rates and number of deaths amongst youngsters with COVID-19 in comparison with youngsters with the flu.

The researchers additionally famous that as a result of the examine interval amongst COVID-19 PICU sufferers was from April 2020 to June 2021, the overwhelming majority of kids weren’t vaccinated towards COVID-19 as they weren’t but eligible for the pictures.

The U.S. Meals and Drug Administration authorized the Pfizer vaccine for kids ages 16 and 17 in December 2020 and Might 2021 for teenagers ages 12 to fifteen. The shot was licensed to be used in children ages 5 to 11 October 2021.

“I’m not shocked by the findings because of the availability of influenza vaccinations in the course of the examine interval for influenza and the unavailability of COVID-19 vaccines in the course of the examine interval for COVID-19 infections. There’s additionally previous immunity because of earlier bouts of influenza, and this pressure of COVID-19 was a novel virus,” Dr. Zachary Hoy, pediatric infectious illness specialist at Pediatrix Nashville Pediatric Infectious Illness, instructed Healthline.

Hoy is eager about seeing how the COVID-19 information examine to information from the influenza H1N1 pandemic in 2009.

All through the pandemic, data has proven that COVID-19, typically, is much less extreme in children in comparison with adults.

Kids sometimes expertise milder signs, however some children who contract SARS-CoV-2 will develop severe illness and problems.

Of the youngsters who’ve been hospitalized for COVID-19, most have had underlying situations, in keeping with the CDC.

Hoy believes that previous immunity because of prior influenza infections, herd immunity and the supply of influenza vaccines seemingly contributed to influenza being much less harmful than COVID-19 in youngsters.

“As we’re uncovered to extra strains of COVID-19 and vaccination alternatives, we’ll seemingly think about COVID-19 as a part of respiratory viruses that may trigger sickness in youngsters and in some instances admission to ICU with important sickness,” Hoy stated.

There are secure and efficient vaccines that may defend youngsters towards each viruses, says Yancey.

“The incalculable advantages of vaccines can’t be overstated, hundreds of thousands of lives have been saved by them and hundreds of thousands extra can be within the years to return. Vaccines have taken lethal illnesses and eradicated them or lowered them to principally trivially diseases,” Yancey stated.

Analysis has discovered that COVID-19 is extra harmful in youngsters than the seasonal flu. The report discovered that twice as many youngsters had been admitted with COVID-19 in the course of the first 15 months of the pandemic in comparison with the variety of youngsters hospitalized with the flu in the course of the two years earlier than the pandemic. The examine additionally discovered that hospital and PICU stays had been longer amongst children with COVID-19 in comparison with children with the flu.

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