The proportion of American employees who examined constructive for medicine hit a two-decade excessive because of a surge within the leisure use of marijuana, however a scarcity of staff has compelled corporations to chop again on the variety of exams administered, in line with a report.
Quest Diagnostics, a drug-testing laboratory, discovered that almost 4% of the greater than 6 million American staff who have been examined for managed substances in 2021 examined constructive, according to the Wall Street Journal.
That’s compares to 2020, when solely 2.7% of drug exams carried out on behalf of employers got here again constructive for marijuana.
Final yr’s determine additionally represents a 50% improve from 2017 — when leisure use of marijuana was authorized in simply eight states plus the District of Columbia.
Since then, 18 states have made it authorized to devour marijuana with out the necessity for a prescription from a health care provider.
Whereas the share of constructive exams elevated, the variety of exams administered by corporations fell final yr as employers have been keen to maintain as lots of their employees as doable as a result of financial fallout from the coronavirus pandemic.
The lower in exams was additionally attributed to altering cultural attitudes about marijuana. Some states even prohibit corporations from utilizing constructive marijuana check outcomes as a think about hiring selections.
Final yr, New York state issued new guidance that bans employers from testing staff for hashish except the employee appears visibly stoned on the job.
Corporations that have been beset by employee shortages and that have been headquartered in states that permit leisure use of marijuana didn’t trouble to manage as many exams final yr as in comparison with 2020, in line with Quest Diagnostics.
Final yr, there have been 6.7% fewer urine samples that have been examined for THC, the psychoactive compound present in marijuana which is accountable for giving customers the “excessive,” in comparison with 2020.
In states the place leisure use of marijuana is authorized, that quantity grew to greater than 10%, in line with the Journal.
“We definitely heard from a few of our employer prospects that they have been having issue discovering certified employees to go the drug check,” mentioned Dr. Barry Pattern, a senior science guide for Quest.
Hashish stays unlawful on the federal stage. New Mexico on Friday would be the newest state to legalize leisure marijuana.