When astronauts return to Earth from area, they’ll expertise numerous well being and bodily points after they land — a results of dwelling with out gravity.
For flights that go so long as six months, astronauts can expertise difficulties with stability, muscle weak spot and cardiovascular deconditioning, in accordance with NASA. Though the Inspiration4 flight was solely three days lengthy, the 4 astronauts returning may also obtain a well being screening.
It’s unclear precisely what that well being screening may encompass. Well being researchers working with Inspiration4 stated the astronauts have been to undertake some experiments that gauge their sense of stability — standing with out swaying and shifting between sitting and standing positions.
They may also carry out a sequence of assessments measuring their cognitive efficiency — the identical ones they carried out earlier than liftoff and every throughout orbit.
A NASA medical necessities overview from the period when astronauts flew on the area shuttles gives an concept of what medical doctors search for in astronauts coming back from shorter flights in area.
For flights that final lower than 30 days, medical doctors display screen the astronauts’ important indicators and search for neurological points in addition to issues with chest and lungs.
Complications, dizziness, vertigo and feeling faint are among the many neurological signs that medical doctors display screen for in astronauts.
The features of the eyes of returning astronauts are additionally checked, and they’re requested to carry out a sequence of duties, together with: touching their finger to their nostril, rising from a chair, lifting a leg and hopping, strolling in a straight line after which turning, and a heel-toe-walk.
If the medical doctors observe sufficient points, they might resolve that an astronaut must endure extra testing.